The information outlined below on common conditions and treatments is provided as a guide only and it is not intended to be comprehensive. Discussion with Dr Saha is important to answer any questions that you may have. For information about any additional conditions not featured within the site, please contact us for more information.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is important as without treatment, it can lead to heart attack, stroke, heart failure and kidney failure. More than 10% of the whole population have hypertension.
If your blood pressure is consistently above the target of 140/90 you need further assessment. If you have diabetes mellitus, then any blood pressure over 130/80 probably needs further assessment.
Assessing High Blood Pressure
Blood pressure should be assessed in the context of all your cardiovascular risk factors, including your age, gender, cholesterol level, smoking history and family history. In addition, some basic blood tests, an Electrocardiogram (ECG) and an Echocardiogram (TTE), are often performed to assess your risk further. A 24-hour blood pressure monitor may help assess treatment quality, and to decide if treatment is really warranted in borderline cases.
Blood pressure is lowered by:
- Stopping smoking
- Losing weight
- Low salt, high fibre diet
There are national guidelines on the choice of drug treatment. Most patients will need more than one drug to achieve blood pressure control.
Discussion with Dr Saha is important to answer any questions that you may have. For information about any additional symptoms you may be suffering from that are not featured within the site, please contact us for more information.